Ovarian Cyst: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis
A fluid-filled sac inside or on the surface of the ovary is called an ovarian cyst. A female body contains two ovaries. There is an ovary on either side of the uterus in a women’s body. Each ovary is estimated to be almost the size and shape of an almond. Eggs develop and expand in the ovaries. Eggs are released monthly throughout the years of childbearing. Typical ovarian cysts can occur. Although the cysts can cause you some minor discomfort, they are not dangerous. Most cysts vanish on their own within a few months without treatment. Ovarian cysts, however, sporadically twist or burst. There could be severe symptoms as a result. Get frequent pelvic exams at the best gynecologist hospital in Hyderabad, the Parvathi hospitals and be aware of the signs that could point to a significant issue if you want to safeguard your health.
What does having an ovarian cyst feel like?
Ovarian cysts frequently have no symptoms. However, if the tends to aggravate, a lot of symptoms might be given birth to. Some signs could be:
- Bloating or swelling in the abdomen
- Bowel movements that hurt
- Severe pain prior to and when you are on your period
- Pelvic pain
- Unpleasant pain during a sexual encounter
- Lower back or thigh ache.
- Breast sensitivity
- Nausea and dizzy
Complications related to ovarian cyst:
Ovarian cyst consequences are rare; however, they are possible. These consist of the following:
- Torsion of the ovary:
If an ovarian cyst gets bigger, the ovary can move. Now more likely is ovarian torsion, a painful twisting of the ovary. If this happens, you could feel sick to your stomach and have sharp, acute pelvic pain. Ovarian torsion can reduce or cease blood supply to the ovary.
- Burst of a cyst:
Terrible discomfort and hemorrhaging in the pelvis are possible effects of a cyst rupture. With cyst size, the risk of rupture increases. The risk of breaking increases considerably during vaginal sex and other physically demanding pelvic activities.
Types of cysts:
Ovarian cysts can take many different forms, including dermoid cysts and endometriomas. But the most typical kind is fluid-filled cysts that develop during the menstrual cycle. These are corpus luteum and follicular cysts. This often causes symptoms like PCOS.
- Follicular cysts:
A follicular sac is the location where the female’s egg develops throughout the menstrual cycle. The sac is found exactly in admist of their ovaries. The follicle usually breaks open to release an egg. However, the fluid inside the hair can develop into a cyst on the ovary if it doesn’t rupture.
- Corpus luteum cysts:
After an egg is discharged from an ovary, a benign corpus luteum tissue develops. Its function is to release pregnancy-related hormones. However, unless a pregnancy begins, it will disintegrate within a few days. In addition, it might not deteriorate in all circumstances. Instead, extra fluid accumulates inside of it, creating a cyst.
- Dermoid cysts:
Hair, fat, and other tissues may be present in dermoid cysts, which resemble sac-like growths on the ovaries.
Organs that usually originate inside the uterus can expand outside the uterus and join the ovaries. These can affect people with severe endometriosis, sometimes known as “chocolate cysts.”
These growths may appear on the ovaries’ outer surface. This can also affect women’s fertility.
Diagnosis of ovarian cysts:
A regular pelvic examination by a clinician could reveal an ovarian cyst. To confirm the presence of a cyst, they could schedule an ultrasound if they see swelling on one of your ovaries. An ultrasound is an imaging exam that creates an image of your interior organs using high-frequency sound waves. A cyst’s size, location, shape, and composition, whether it is solid or fluid-filled, can all be identified using ultrasound technology.
Ovarian cysts can also be identified using the following imaging techniques:
- CT scan: A CT scan produces cross-sectional images of the internal organs using body imaging technology.
- MRI: An MRI creates detailed images of interior organs using magnetic fields.
The doctor may not instantly suggest a course of treatment because most cysts resolve after a few weeks or months. Instead, they might perform the ultrasound examination once more in a few weeks or months to check your status. In some circumstances, no further testing will be required, particularly if you have previously experienced a corpus luteum cyst or follicular cyst. However, the doctor can ask you to undergo various testing to find other probable causes for your symptoms if your condition doesn’t improve or the cyst grows. One or more of them might be testing for hormone levels or pregnancy. The hormone level test assists in identifying hormonal issues, such as having excessive levels of progesterone or estrogen.
Treatments for an ovarian cyst:
Most ovarian cysts are of benign type and will eventually disappear without any medical intervention. There may not even be any symptoms from these cysts. Any symptoms you experience might be relieved by natural therapies like heat therapy. The type of treatment required will rely on the cyst type. Endometriomas, some more giant cysts, and malignant cysts typically require surgical removal.
Surgery options include:
Laparoscopy: To remove the cyst during a laparoscopy, a doctor makes many tiny incisions close to your navel and inserts a small instrument into your abdomen.
Laparotomy: A surgeon can surgically extract the cyst during a laparotomy through a significant abdominal incision. It is referred to as a laparotomy.
Preventing Ovarian Cysts:
A doctor can prescribe oral contraceptives to suppress ovulation and stop the growth of new cysts if you have recurrent ovarian cysts. You can lower your risk of developing ovarian cancer by using oral contraceptives. Postmenopausal women have an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer. Regular gynecologic exams can also assist a doctor in early ovarian cyst detection. Rarely do benign ovarian cysts develop into malignancy. However, ovarian cancer symptoms often resemble those of an ovarian cyst. Therefore, seeing a doctor and getting a proper diagnosis is crucial.
In conclusion, it is crucial for women’s health and wellbeing to comprehend ovarian cysts. Depending on their nature and size, ovarian cysts can have a variety of reasons. While many cysts are benign and go away on their own, a few may produce symptoms that necessitate seeing a doctor. Women can seek prompt medical attention by being aware of signs such pelvic pain, bloating, and changes in menstruation patterns. Physical examinations, imaging studies, and even blood testing are frequently combined to make an accurate diagnosis. Differentiating between functional cysts, which are often benign and self-resolving, and other forms of cysts, which may need additional research and treatment, is vital for healthcare professionals. Fortunately, improvements in medical technology and diagnostic methods have significantly increased the precision of ovarian cyst identification. Complications can be avoided and, when necessary, effective treatment options can be provided with early detection and competent management. Depending on the characteristics of the cyst, the patient’s symptoms, and their general health, several treatment modalities may be used, such as medication or surgery, or the patient may just need to wait.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Pelvic pain that occurs during movement or during sexual activity. Constant, dull painful pelvic discomfort. A ruptured cyst with internal bleeding or sudden, acute pelvic pain that is frequently accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Ovarian cysts typically go away on their own within a few months without the need for treatment. Both its size and appearance will determine whether therapy is required. if you are experiencing any symptoms.
Three varieties of ovarian cysts
. Ovulatory or physiological cysts.
. Benign tumors.
. Ovarian cancer is another name for malignant cysts.