infertility treatment

Everything You Need to Know About Infertility, its Causes, and Treatment

Everything You Need to Know About Infertility, its Causes, and Treatment

One of life’s milestones is starting a family, and for most men and women, the road to motherhood is smooth. For others, though, the inability to conceive is a harsh reality. It might be scary and discouraging to be forced to acquire a weird new vocabulary with phrases like IVF, sperm count, and basal body temperature. The good news is that infertility (the inability to conceive children) can be overcome with an accurate diagnosis and medical treatments. It is vital to educate yourself on everything you need to know about infertility, especially if you want to start a family in the future. If you are experiencing infertility problems, contact Parvathi Hospital for the Best Infertility Diagnosis and Treatment in Hyderabad.

What You Need to Know About Infertility in Men and Women

Infertility is a reproductive system disorder that stops children from being conceived. Infertility is described as a woman’s inability to conceive after one year (or longer) of unprotected sex or six months if she is 35 or older.

Infertility can also be identified in women who can conceive but cannot carry a pregnancy to term. But infertility is not solely a female issue. Men can also be sterile. In conclusion, both men and women are equally open to infertility issues.

Can Both Men and Women Be Infertile

Causes of Infertility in Men

When male infertility is suspected, a man’s semen is usually the focus of the investigation. The number of sperm (sperm count), how they move (sperm motility), and their shape are all considered. The following are the possible male infertility causes.

  • Enlargement of the veins in the scrotum
  • Tight clothes or heat exposure to testicles when using hot tubs and saunas
  • Scrotum or testicle injuries
  • Low testosterone or sperm count
  • Ejaculation is either premature, or the semen flows back into the bladder
  • Testicular cancer
  • Anabolic steroid misuse
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Undescended testicles

Causes of Infertility in Women

To become pregnant, all critical parts of a woman’s reproductive system must function properly: the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. The following are the potential female infertility causes.

  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Fallopian tubes are blocked
  • Celiac disease (a type of gluten intolerance)
  • Kidney disease
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy in the past
  • Inflammation of the pelvis
  • Cushing’s syndrome and other pituitary gland illnesses
  • PCOS, ovarian cysts, and primary ovarian insufficiency are all conditions that affect women
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and uterine polyps are all uterine issues
  • Thyroid problems

Infertility Treatment for Men

Depending on the cause, male infertility can be treated by various methods. Surgery, medication, and assisted reproductive technology are all choices for guys (ART).

1. Surgical intervention can remove blockages that prevent sperm from reaching the ejaculate. Sperm can be extracted from the testicles in some situations and then used in ART procedures.

2. Medications can be used to correct hormonal imbalances, for example. They also treat other issues that influence male fertility, such as erectile dysfunction (ED) or infections that affect sperm count.

3. ART refers to therapies that include handling eggs and sperm outside of the body. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection and In vitro fertilization (IVF) are examples of these treatments.

Infertility Treatment for Women

Surgery, medication, and reproductive aid such as ART can all be used to treat female infertility. In some instances, many treatments are required to resolve female infertility.

1. Although surgery can be used to treat female infertility, it is becoming less common as other fertility therapies improve. Surgery can boost fertility by repairing an improperly shaped uterus, unblocking fallopian tubes, and eliminating fibroids.

2. Reproductive help may include procedures such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) and assisted reproductive technology (ART). IUI involves injecting millions of sperm into a woman’s uterus near the time of ovulation. IVF is an ART that includes removing eggs and fertilizing them in a laboratory with a man’s sperm.

3. Some drugs used to treat female infertility function the same way hormones are produced naturally in the body, encouraging or regulating ovulation.

Why Treating Infertility is Essential

Individuals and couples can choose how many children they want and when they want them. Infertility can prevent these fundamental human rights from being true. Infertility treatment is thus a vital aspect of learning about couples’ right to start a family.

Why Treating Infertility is Essential

Infertility has severe negative social consequences for infertile couples, especially women, who are more likely to endure violence, divorce, social shame, emotional stress, despair, anxiety, and low self-esteem. Fear of infertility can prevent women and men from using contraception if they feel socially driven to show their fertility at a young age because parenting has a high social value.

Education and awareness-raising efforts to improve understanding of the prevalence and determinants of fertility and infertility are critical in such settings.

When You Should Seek Professional Help

If a woman is over 40, has irregular or absent periods, painful periods, known fertility issues, has had many miscarriages, or has undergone cancer treatment, she should consult her doctor. Men should see the doctor if they have a low sperm count or other sperm difficulties, a history of prostate, testicular, or sexual problems, cancer treatment, small testicles or scrotum swelling, or a family history of reproductive issues.

Infographic: Understanding the Causes of Infertility in Men and Women

Causes of Infertility in Men and Women

Contact Parvathi Hospital for Infertility Treatment

Most people want to have a child at some point in their lives. Understanding what normal fertility is, the risk factors for infertility, and when to seek help if needed is critical for you as an individual or as a couple. If you suspect you won’t be able to conceive, see your doctor as soon as possible. If you need to consult a specialist, visit Parvathi Hospital in Hyderabad. They provide the best infertility diagnosis and assisted production services in Hyderabad.


1. What is infertility?

Infertility is defined as the lack of ability to become pregnant even after one year or longer of having unprotected intercourse. Because women’s fertility is known to drop with age, some providers focus on evaluating and treating women with age 35 and up after six months of unprotected intercourse.

2. Can masturbation cause infertility in women?

There are numerous myths about infertility. However, masturbation does not affect a woman’s ability to become pregnant or carry a baby to term, regardless of her genitals, gender, or age.

3. What causes infertility in women?

The failure to ovulate is the most prevalent cause of female infertility, occurring in 40% of women with infertility concerns. Ovulating problems can be caused by a variety of factors, including ovarian diseases like Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) or polycystic ovary syndrome.

4. How to treat infertility in women?

Fertility medications are the most common treatment for infertility in women with ovulation problems. To trigger ovulation, fertility medicines act similarly to natural hormones like follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).

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